My favourite session of the day was Nandan Nilekani’s talk on the UID project. He described the work that was being done, some of the challenges and what were some of the goals – clearly, this is a massive exercise with the aim of providing IDs to 600M Indians by 2014. Nilekani was crisp in his communication and explained the ramifications of this mammoth exercise – the ID exercise encompasses both financial inclusion and mobile inclusion. The ID will serve as the proof of your existence as an Indian citizen and this concept has to be made aware to the masses – no mean task that! What was interesting was the possibility of opening up banking especially in the remote areas – as Nilekani put it, there is no use in providing bank accounts to people if the nearest branch/ATM is several kilometres away. So, this problem will be bridged by utilizing the local kirana/grocery shops who will function as micro-ATMS and dispense/distribute cash. And the technology that will empower these transactions is mobile – quite amazing! It was really good to see technology being used to address larger issues in India and no better man that Nandan Nilekani to champion this.